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The state of Bulgaria has 1300 years old history
according to the statistics it is ranked third
(after Greece and Italy) for the number of its archaeological monuments.
Here are some highlights from Bulgarian plentiful heritage:
1. Bulgaria has a 1322 years of history, since 681 A.D.
Magura cave - prehistoric paintings presenting hunting scenes, dances, animistic, totemic and pantheistic cult figures form the Glacial Epoch.
Seaside Neolithic and Paleolithic cultures - traces found along the southern cost of Black Sea. Most of the remains indicate high level mastery of materials such as china clay, stone, wood, bronze and iron.
The oldest gold in the world dated 8000 years back is with Thracian origin.
Rogozen treasure - discovered in the winter of 1985-1986 in north-west Bulgaria, is the largest single collection of ancient treasure ever found in south-eastern Europe. The 165 pieces of silver in this hoard weigh almost 20 kilograms and were found in two groups of 100 and 65, placed five meters apart at only 0.4 meters depth. This immense hoard, accumulated over nearly 150 years from the mid-5th century to the last quarter of the 4th century BC, includes vessels from specific workshops in Anatolia, Eastern Greece, Southern Thrace, and North-western Thrace.
Panagyurishte treasure - While digging for clay for brick making near the town of Panagyurishte in Sredna Gora mountain, Central Bulgaria, a team of workmen came upon what was obviously an important treasure. When finally unearthed, it was found to consist of a phial and eight rhytons, one shaped like an amphora and the others like heads of women or animals. Dated to the turn of the fourth and third century BC, the find was sensational, not only for its weight in gold - over 6 kg, but also for the originality of its form and ornaments.
Kazanlak tomb in south Bulgaria is famous for its beautiful wall paintings of the early 3rd century BC, one of the most unique masterpieces of Early Hellenistic pictorial art. Despite the small surface containing the decorative friezes, the unknown artist has created an exceptional work of art. This tomb was built during the reign of king Seuthes III, either for him personally or for close relatives among the nobility.
Shipka tomb - include seven tombs recently uncovered in the south foothills of the Balkan Range. They consist of developed façades, each notably different from one another. Not surprisingly, most of these tombs had been robbed in ancient times, with only one remaining untouched by treasure-hunters.
Karanovska mound - extremely unique remains of pottery and other household ware dating back to the late Paleolithic and the early Neolithic Ages found near the town of Nova Zagora. Because of that, Karanovska mound is called "the Noah's Ark of the European civilization".
Mogilanska mound - yielded
in the town of Vratsa, during 1965-1966 excavations in the heart of the city, three stone tombs of noble
Thracian chiefs. In the main chamber skeletons of an adult man and a
young man were found with two silver jugs, four inscribed phialai, bronze
Greek vessels, and arms including a wood quiver (gorythos) with many
bronze arrowheads, iron spearheads, a bronze Chalkidian type helmet and a
silver-gilt greave (knemis) The younger man, who had been killed by
an iron spearhead, wore an elegant gold head wreath, gold earrings, gold
buttons, pendants and rosette-shaped appliqués. In the third Vratsa
tomb, partly robbed in antiquity were skeletons of a man and a woman with
gold and silver jugs, gold jewellery, votive clay objects, a quiver with
arrowheads, and iron spearheads. The gold jug shows two galloping
four-horsed chariots with a man in a hauberk. The dating of the Vratsa
tombs, based on several Attic pottery vessels, is about 375-340 BC.
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